Monday, April 23, 2018

Syria: The Defining Issue of Our Generation - Amir Taheri




by Amir Taheri

By supporting Putin's illusion of victory in Syria, as a larger version of Chechnya, the pro-Russian constituency in the West merely prolongs the tragedy.

  • How could we not understand that in the anti-war coalition's Manichaean world, the role of evil was reserved solely for the Western democracies?
  • Over the past decade or so, Russia has waged war against Georgia in Ossetia and Abkhazia, attacked Ukraine, annexed the Crimean Peninsula, turned Chechnya into a pile of rubble and driven thousands out of their villages in Ingushetia and Dagestan without the "anti-war coalition" waving a single placard.
  • So what we have is a "lukewarm war" in which Russia's assets consist mainly of the anti-West constituencies inside Western democracies plus the veto power that Russia has in the United Nations Security Council.
"We are here to protest against the bombing of Syria by Donald Trump and Theresa May," said the placard-waving young man sporting a ferocious beard.

"Killing Muslims must be stopped," added the middle-aged lady dressed all in black with a demeanor of a diva.

Our interlocutors were among a handful of activists from the "anti-war coalition," spending part of their weekend venting their hatred of Trump and America, and presumably of capitalism and imperialism in general, in front of the US Embassy in London.

We asked whether they would also demonstrate in front of the Russian Embassy in Bayswater, a posher part of London?

The answer was a chagrined look all around. How could we not understand that in their Manichaean world, the role of evil was reserved solely for the Western democracies?

Over the past decade or so, Russia has waged war against Georgia in Ossetia ad Abkhazia, attacked Ukraine, annexed the Crimean Peninsula, turned Chechnya into a pile of rubble, and driven thousands out of their villages in Ingushetia and Dagestan without the anti-war coalition waving a single placard. When we come to Syria, the anti-war coalition, one of whose big beasts, Jeremy Corbyn, is now leader of the British Labour Party, deigns to remember that Russia has been bombing Syria and killing countless civilians, since 2015.

Under Russian attack from air and land, Syria's most populous city, Aleppo, has suffered a level of destruction never seen since the Mongol invasion in the Middle Ages. And yet no anti-war coalition militant, least of all Corbyn, turned up to demand that the blizzard of death and destruction released by the Russians stop.


Pictured: Russian soldiers in Aleppo, Syria. (Image source: Russia Ministry of Defense/Wikimedia Commons)

The fact that the minimalist American-British-French missile launches against Bashar al-Assad's alleged chemical weapons' sites did not amount to "bombing Syria" as such didn't matter. Nor did our protesters care about the fact that no one had been killed in the US-led operation and that "killing Muslims" was a rather exaggerated claim, bearing in mind that there are 1.5 billion Muslims in the world.

In some cases, intense hatred shown against Western democracies may be prompted by self-loathing, a common disease in many other societies, including Russia. The only difference is that in Western societies, giving expression to that self-loathing is risk-free, indeed somehow chic, while it is severely repressed in Russia.

In Washington, London or Paris you could express dissent even beyond reasonable limits without suffering punishment. In Moscow, however, you could be shot even in Red Square or, if you flee Russia, risk being murdered with chemical substances in Gloucester.

In other cases, the pro-Russian position taken by some elements in the West is prompted by nostalgia for the "good old days" when Soviet ideology, represented by Mother Russia, challenged the global status quo and promised a golden future beyond "earth-devouring Imperialism".

All that gives Russia a distinct advantage in what is at times, erroneously I believe, termed a "new Cold war." In terms of power, Russia is in no position to challenge the global status quo. With a GDP of $1.5 trillion, it lags far behind the United Sates with almost $20 trillion. The US military budget is many times more than that of Russia. And in terms of soft power, including scientific, cultural and artistic fields, the American "Great Satan" remains far more attractive. People queue in Moscow and Vladivostok for those easy-to-eat and hard-to-digest McDonald's meals. But no one lines up in Washington or Paris for a nice bowl of borscht.

To be sure, Russia is a nuclear "superpower". But its nuclear arsenal, as President Vladimir Putin has pointed out on occasions, is old, not to say antiquated. The "new generation" of undetectable nuclear warheads that Putin promised on the eve of his re-election may still be a long way down the road. In any case, no one seriously envisages a thermonuclear war or even a new arms race, if only because Russia lacks the wherewithal to keep up with the Western Joneses.

So what we have is a "lukewarm war" in which Russia's assets consist mainly of the anti-West constituencies inside Western democracies plus the veto power that Russia has in the United Nations Security Council.

In the case of Syria, the two become interlinked. This is why Corbyn, like his French counterpart Jean-Luc Mélenchon, and other anti-West leaders in Europe, insist that any Western military intervention in Syria should first be ratified by the UN Security Council.

Interestingly, they don't demand that Russia's military intervention should also be subject to approval by the Security Council. This is because Russia can never muster a majority in the Security Council. (Its last resolution there, last week, seeking to condemn the US-led missile attack on Assad's alleged chemical sites, won the votes only of China and Bolivia!)

In other words, the pro-Russia constituency in the West wants the Western democracies to give Moscow a veto on their policy without securing a similar advantage vis-à-vis Russia.

The Russian propaganda scheme in this "lukewarm war" is aimed at sowing confusion in Western democracies, destroying trust in democratic leaders and institutions, including the media, and preventing the formation of a consensus on any major issues.

Thus, while the Western democracies have far more power than Russia to influence global events, they won't be able to use more than a fraction of it without Moscow's assent. Russia, however, would be able to use all of the little power it has.

As things are, Putin, helped by the anti-West constituencies inside Western democracies, is playing a weak hand well to his advantage. In most other circumstances, one might have said: Well, why not? Why shouldn't a weak power try to exploit the adversary's weaknesses?

The problem, however, is that Syria isn't just a power game. It is a tragedy in every sense of the term. More than half a million people have died, with a further three million injured. Half the nation's population has been driven out of their homes and millions driven out of their country. This conflict has gone beyond the level of popular uprising, civil war or even regional proxy wars, to become a tragedy that produces nothing but losers. Syria has become the defining issue of our generation. To use it as a means of propping up Putin or his second fiddles, the mullahs of Tehran, in a sinister regional power game is the height of folly.

By supporting Putin's illusion of victory in Syria, as a larger version of Chechnya, the pro-Russian constituency in the West merely prolongs the tragedy.
This article was originally published by Asharq al-Awsat

Amir Taheri,  formerly executive editor-in-chief of Iran's premier newspaper, Kayhan, before the Iranian revolution of 1979, is a prominent author based on Europe. He is the Chairman of Gatestone Europe.

Source: https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/12205/syria-defining-issue

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Copyright - Original materials copyright (c) by the authors.

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